Top 7 Type 2 Diabetes Medications

Some people who have type 2 diabetes can achieve their target blood sugar levels with diet and exercise alone, but many also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. The decision about which medications are best depends on many factors, including your blood sugar level and any other health problems you have. Your doctor might even combine drugs from different classes to help you control your blood sugar in several different ways.

1. Metformin
Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by improving the sensitivity of your body tissues to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively. Metformin also lowers glucose production in the liver. Metformin may not lower blood sugar enough on its own. Your doctor will also recommend lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and becoming more active.

2. Meglitinides
These medications work like sulfonylureas by stimulating the pancreas to secrete more insulin, but they’re faster acting, and the duration of their effect in the body is shorter. They also have a risk of causing low blood sugar, but this risk is lower than with sulfonylureas. Weight gain is a possibility with this class of medications as well. Examples include repaglinide (Prandin) and nateglinide (Starlix).

3. Thiazolidinediones
Like metformin, these medications make the body’s tissues more sensitive to insulin. This class of medications has been linked to weight gain and other more-serious side effects, such as an increased risk of heart failure and fractures. Because of these risks, these medications generally aren’t a first-choice treatment. Rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos) are examples of thiazolidinediones.

4. Sulfonylureas
These medications help your body secrete more insulin. Examples of medications in this class include glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase), glipizide (Glucotrol) and glimepiride (Amaryl). Possible side effects include low blood sugar and weight gain.

5. GLP-1 receptor agonists
These medications slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels, though not as much as sulfonylureas. Their use is often associated with some weight loss. This class of medications isn’t recommended for use by itself. Exenatide (Byetta) and liraglutide (Victoza) are examples of GLP-1 receptor agonists. Possible side effects include nausea and an increased risk of pancreatitis.

6. SGLT2 inhibitors
These are the newest diabetes drugs on the market. They work by preventing the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar into the blood. Instead, the sugar is excreted in the urine. Examples include canagliflozin (Invokana) and dapagliflozin (Farxiga). Side effects may include yeast infections and urinary tract infections, increased urination and hypotension.

7. DPP-4 inhibitors
These medications help reduce blood sugar levels, but tend to have a modest effect. They don’t cause weight gain. Examples of these medications are sitagliptin (Januvia), saxagliptin (Onglyza) and linagliptin (Tradjenta).


Even if diabetes is a chronic condition which can only be controlled, but not completely eliminated, it does not mean that it has to alter your life dramatically. Adequate diet and healthy habits, along with natural remedies are usually enough to maintain blood sugar at normal levels and to prevent possible diabetes complications. The best treatment for elderly who are suffering from type 2 diabetes is diet and herbal remedies. What you eat has a great impact on how you handle your disease. If you used to pay no attention at all to your dietary habits, to have irregular meals and to be uninterested in the nutrients that reach your body, things have to change. You won’t have to completely give up on certain foods or to deprive yourself of nutrients, but you have to put things in order concerning your diet. Even if you have diabetes, your nutritional needs are the same. You still need balanced and varied foods and your body has to receive proteins, fats and carbohydrates just like the body of a healthy person. Diabetes does not mean that you completely eliminate carbohydrates from your diet. You only have to make healthy choices. Sweets, juices and processed carbs are indeed bad for you, but healthy sources of carbs need to be taken into consideration. For instance, carbohydrates from unprocessed grains are a healthy option. Special attention also needs to be paid to fats because obesity is one of the main causes of diabetes. You don’t only need to control your blood sugar, but you also have to manage your weight. It might seem terribly complicated, but in fact it is pretty simple. A balanced diet rich in fiber, protein, healthy fats and carbohydrates is all it takes to live a happy life despite diabetes.Unfortunately, as you grow older, your body finds it more and more difficult to fight with the damage diabetes might cause. Elevated levels of blood sugar can damage blood vessels and nerves and this eventually leads to malfunctioning of the major body organs and to potentially life threatening complications. Herbal remedies like Diabkil capsules are an effective way to avoid complications and to maintain the body in a good shape.The herbs in Diabkil capsules are great for normalizing blood sugar and also for preventing organ damage. Increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels are also very common in patients with diabetes, but Diabkil helps in controlling them also. Regular use of Diabkil can successfully keep blood sugar at a normal level and can also keep you safe from all the usual complications of diabetes. Additionally, it will also rejuvenate your entire body, aside from providing extra support for the pancreas. Diabkil capsules are safe to be used for as long as you consider it necessary because they only contain herbal ingredients which are known for their lack of side effects.

Source: Free Articles from

Read more Type 2 Diabetes Herbal Treatment. Know more Arthritis Joint Pain. Read more about Joint Pain Relief.

Categories: Diabetes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts


Stem Cell Therapy for Type II Diabetes

Stem Cell Therapy for Type II Diabetes Many people know diabetes — both type 1 and type 2 — can take a serious toll on physical health. But these blood-sugar disorders also can affect your Read more…



Pharmacology – DRUGS FOR DIABETES (MADE EASY) Topics covered include: basic pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type 1 & type 2, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, insulin production, pancreatic beta & alpha cells, glycogen, glucagon, glucose function. Mechanism of Read more…


Treating type II diabetes – Pharmacology | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy

Treating type II diabetes – Pharmacology | Endocrine system diseases | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy dependent or juvenile diabetes. It is a condition in which there is an absolute lack of insulin. Due to the Read more…